Childhood War Trauma Questionnaire (CWTQ)

A tool used to assess children’s war-related experiences. It has two versions—CWTQ-C (for children) and CWTQ-A (for parents and caretakers). Both versions can either be self-administered or administered by an interviewer, although data reliability is greater when administered by an interviewer. The CWTQ contains 25 items and comprises two sections: Section One inquires about demographic details such as age, gender, and place of residency; Section Two asks detailed questions relating to a child’s direct and indirect experiences and exposures to war. Section Two asks about 45 different types of war-related traumas, separated according to the following categorizations—Separation, Victim of Violent Acts, Involvement in Hostilities, Displacement, Bereavement, Exposure to Shelling or Combat, Witness Violent Acts, Physical Injuries, Emigration, and Extreme Depravation.

Related Publications

Smith, P., Perrin, S., Yule, W., & Rabe-Hesketh, S. (2001). War exposure and maternal reactions in the psychological adjustment of children from Bosnia-Hercegovina. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42(3), 395-404.

Geltman, P. L., Augustyn, M., Barnett, E. D., Klass, P. E., & Groves, B. M. (2000). War trauma experience and behavioral screening of Bosnian refugee children resettled in Massachusetts. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 21(4), 255-261.

Macksoud, M. S., & Aber, J. L. (1996). The war experiences and psychosocial development of children in Lebanon. Child Development, 67(1), 70-88.

Macksoud, M. S. (1992). Assessing War Trauma in Children: A Case Study of Lebanese Children. Journal of Refugee Studies, 5(1), 1-15.

What it measures

Violence exposure


Children and War Foundation


Children aged 3-16 years