Family Connectedness Scale (FCS)

A scale that measures an adolescent’s sense of family connectedness, defined by his/her perception of interpersonal relations with, closeness to, and respect from family. Adapted from previous research undertaken by social scientists in the U.S. pertaining to family and school connectedness in youth, the FCS follows the premise that enhanced social supports and positive perceptions of family relationships in adolescents are protective against various psychosocial risk factors, including emotional distress, depression, and suicidality. The tool consists of 12 items and is scored on a 3-point scale—Very/Often, Somewhat/Sometimes, Not at all/Almost Never. Higher scores indicate increased family connectedness, and lower scores are indicative of decreased family connectedness.

Related Publications

Betancourt, T. S., Salhi, C., Buka, S., Leaning, J., Dunn, G., & Earls, F. (2012). Connectedness, social support and internalizing emotional and behavioural problems in adolescents displaced by the Chechen conflict. Disasters, 36(4), 635-655.

What it measures

Pyschosocial and emotional wellbeing



Adolescents who are considered vulnerable and/or have been exposed to a traumatic event or humanitarian


Betancourt, T.S. (2004). Connectedness, Social Support and Mental Health in Adolescents Displaced by the War in
Chechnya (Working Paper).