MEASURES LIBRARY

Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Aged Children (K -SADS)

A comprehensive, semi-structured interview tool used to assess and diagnose a variety of psychiatric disorders found in children. The K-SADS was developed from an adult instrument, the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS). In its lifetime, it has undergone several revisions in order to reflect periodic recapitulations in DSM diagnostic criteria. The original tool coincides with the K-SADS-P (Present Episode Version), which assesses current psychopathology, and comprises four sections of disorder domains—affective, anxiety, conduct, and psychosis. The K-SADS-PL (Present and Lifetime version) is the newest version and assesses for a wider range of Axis I psychiatric disorders, both current and past. It is arranged into six sections: the Introductory Interview, the Diagnostic Screening Interview, the Supplement Completion Checklist, the Diagnostic Supplements, the Summary Lifetime Diagnosis Checklist, and the Children’s Global Assessment Scale ratings. The last four sections are completed only when indicated by respondents’ answers in the Diagnostic Screening Interview. Overall scores and diagnostic decisions are determined after combining a variety of data—children’s self-reports, parents’ reports of observable behavior, and summary ratings (parent, child, school, etc.). Because of its complexity and need for clinical judgment, the tool requires administration by a clinical professional, who can re-word questions or probe for further clarification, when required. The K-SADS is administered to both children and parents, and requires about 75 minutes for administration (per respondent). Overall scores and diagnostic decisions are determined after combining a variety of data—children’s self-reports, parents’ reports of observable behavior, and summary ratings (parent, child, school, etc.).

Related Publications

Kohrt, B. A., Jordans, M. J., Tol, W. A., Speckman, R. A., Maharjan, S. M., Worthman, C. M., & Komproe, I. H. (2008). Comparison of mental health between former child soldiers and children never conscripted by armed groups in Nepal. JAMA,300(6), 691-702.

Mollica, R.F., Guerra, R., Bhasin, R., & Lavelle, J. (2004). Book ofBest Practices: Trauma and the Role of Mental Health in Post-Conflict Recovery. Project 1 Billion. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/DISABILITY/Resources/280658-1172610662358/Proj1Billion.pdf#page=41

What it measures

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Mental Disorders

Developer

Population

Children aged 6-18 years

Source

Kaufman, J., Chambers, W., Puig-Antich, J., Birmaher, B., Rao, U., & Ryan, N.D. (1996). Kiddie-SADS—Present and Lifetime Version. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh.

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