Psychological Screening for Young Children aged 3 to 6 (PSYCa 3-6)

A rapid screening tool to assess for and determine a general level of psychological distress in young children exposed to crisis situations. The PSYCa 3-6 is often administered by non-specialists, who interview a child’s parent and/or caregiver, and when indicated, refer the child to a specialist. The PSYCa 3-6, originally developed in French for use with refugees in Macedonia, contains 40 items, and has the following response options—Never/Not at All (0), Sometimes/A Few Times (1), and Often/Frequently/Always (2). The tool has a total score value of 80, with higher scores indicative of increased levels of distress. An adapted and validated PSYCa 3-6a version is available in Hausa, and contains 22-items, with a possible total score from 0 to 44. In both the original and adapted versions, items address depression, phobia, anxiety, regression, psychosomatic complaints, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Related Publications

Mouchenik Y. E. (2001). Evaluer les troubles psychologiques post-traumatiques chez les enfants de moins de six ans. Apropos d’une étude réalisée à Débar (Macédoine). L’autre, Cliniques, cultures et sociétés, 2:359-366.

Marquer, C., Barry, C., Mouchenik, Y., Hustache, S., Djibo, D., Manzo, M.L.,…Moro, M. (2012). A rapid screening tool for psychological distress in children 3-6 years old: results of a validation study. BMC Psychiatry, 12(1), 170.

What it measures

Pyschosocial and emotional wellbeing



Children aged 3-6 years



English, French, Hausa